About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a nation in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has a single of the greatest populations in the globe. The nation is an archipelago of a substantial team of islands surrounded by crystal apparent h2o and gorgeous and distinctive coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the greatest is Luzon, at one zero five sq. kilometres and just over fifty per cent of the islands in the nation have names, and only 350 islands are bigger than 2 and a 50 percent kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain vary can be discovered on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the top rated of the mountain reaches over 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be discovered on the next greatest island in the nation Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like several other mountains in the nation Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the internet site of the cash of Manila the greatest and most essential Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches about Manila bay for hundreds of several years Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the center aspect of the Philippine islands. The greatest islands in the Visayas include things like Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the nation and the next greatest island in the Philippines the island actions 94,seven hundred sq. kilometres.

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Sheraton Cebu Mactan Residences, Punta Engano, Lapu Lapy City, Mactan, Cebu, Philippines. 6015

The islands

The Philippine islands were being shaped by volcanoes and are aspect of a mountain chain that is primarily underneath h2o. The interior of most of the islands have several rugged mountains with dense rain forest and simply because of the regular rain fall there are several rivers streams and waterfalls that continually surge down the mountain sides. Mainly because of the dense mountain rainforest and regular rain fall the Philippines is endowed with breathtaking sceneries in just the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls impressive caves and rock formations. Regrettably a ton of the rain forest is disappearing in advance of the Spanish arrived in the 1500 over ninety per cent of the Philippine islands were being included in rain forest. To day the nation has lost shut to a single-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been applied and minimize down for its timber and to apparent land for farms and residences.

The shoreline

With over 7000 islands the nation has a coastline line a lot more than 36,300 kilometres in duration. The shorelines and shoreline varies across the nation are incredibly sandy in locations these as Boracay which is famous for its gorgeous picturesque tropical white sand shorelines. With tropical plants and palm trees growing on these impressive shorelines. On some island coastline strains are incredibly rocky in place and in some locations you will uncover grey white sand shorelines and substantial inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos rely on fresh new h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and personal day-to-day living demands these as drinking and washing. Pasig River is a single of the greatest rivers in the nation and flows by way of the cash of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows by way of the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Mainly because the nation is sitting down on the pacific ring of fireplace suggests the Philippines have a ton of energetic Volcanoes. 1 of the most famous volcanic eruptions come about in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for several hundreds of several years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted a lot more than 1000 folks killed or hurt and left 1000’s of folks homeless. The explosion designed a enormous ash cloud that included a lot more than 125 thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the space in ash rock and darkness. 1 of the most energetic volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also acknowledged as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight instances in the previous 400 several years. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a countrywide park in the 12 months 2003. The Mayo volcano is a completely formed cone that towers 2462 meters previously mentioned the land. Mayon Final major eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed three cities and included one more two with volcanic ash and hot larva about 1600 folks died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine People today

For 1000’s of several years several distinct forms folks and nations have been aspect of the Philippines the result is a nation and folks with a distinctive mix of several cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age folks settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the nation was afterwards joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and hundreds of years latter joined by website visitors from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the initially European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his adult males were being killed for the duration of the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain proven a everlasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Spouse and children faith and instruction are incredibly essential in Filipino tradition.

Temperature living in the metropolis or the nation or on an isolated island loved ones, faith and instruction are incredibly very valued by almost each individual a single Filipinos have several optimistic values these as regard for authority and a superior regard for the dignity of all the folks.


Most Filipinos maintain strong religious beliefs they on a regular basis get aspect in religious ceremonies celebrate holy days with substantial festivals. The Spanish in which incredibly successful in changing the Filipino to Christianity producing the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up eighty five% of the inhabitants, five % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the greatest no Christian team in the nation. Most early Filipinos were being animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits acknowledged as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. A lot of Filipinos believe in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief performs an essential aspect in the day by day lifestyle of most Filipinos.The Philippine folks worship Christ mother Mary and other holy folks called saints several Filipinos adorn their residences trics jeepneys boats schools of images of Christ and mother Mary.

Close by islands and china launched Islam to the Philippines these days there are a number of million Filipinos that stick to the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos exercise Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the biggest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino loved ones

The Filipino loved ones the basic models of the Philippine social firm which incorporates the father the mother and children the bilateral extended loved ones which incorporates all family of the Father and Mom. Of particular relevance the bond and unity shaped by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their loved ones as a source of toughness and defense. It is not uncommon for unmarried daughters and sons to reside at property with their mothers and fathers, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The loved ones are incredibly shut and if anyone requirements aid others chip in and do what they can to aid the loved ones member in have to have. The father-spouse is the head of the loved ones and is typically unconditionally obeyed by his wife and children. The father purpose and duty is to meet up with the fiscal requirements of the loved ones. The Filipino father is the principal source of self-discipline in the loved ones and sometimes uses corporal punishment on equally sons and daughters though corporal punishment applied on children in the Philippines is now slowly obtaining applied significantly less and significantly less because of to the Philippine culture teaching and enforcing new values on raising children. The children a ton of Filipino moms pamper their children these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and anticipations are kept under the kid’s probable this care and passion lavished on the children generates a sensation of belonging and defense. As a result the children will often contribute to parent’s fiscal help and psychological help and defense. The conventional Filipino wife and mother get care of all the specifics to ensure the loved ones capabilities as a living and loving organised loved ones unit. The mother is in charge of the property and all the specifics pertaining to the children these as cooking the loved ones food viewing the children are clothed and completely ready for college the spending of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other family fees. Unusual as it may feel ladies share equivalent place with person in Philippine culture female participation in experienced perform and politics is fully acknowledged this equality can be traced back again to historic Malayan custom.


Instruction Filipino children show up at six several years of elementary college and four several years of superior college. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys principal official languages. A lot more than ninety% of all elementary show up at authorities schools. From June until March Filipino children devote their days at college courses get started about 8 in the morning in the metropolitan areas like Manila and sometimes about seven am in the rural places in advance of courses get started the children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a incredibly superior literacy level which most folks in the nation can read through and generate unfortunately because of to the superior unemployment level and the minimal salary paid to reduce class workers these as farmers and labours some children have to fall out of college to perform and aid to help their families and some children show up at schools that do not have sufficient college provides and gear these as textbooks desks and chairs and pcs.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 distinct major dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass instruction of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino lifestyle. English was launched so distinct folks living in distinct parts of the Philippines could understand a single one more. The American declared English the nation official language for the duration of the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine authorities made the decision to switch English with a language called Filipino also acknowledged as Tagalog the most greatly spoken Philippine language in particular throughout some of the major metropolitan areas. Right now Filipino and English are the nation official languages. In distinct parts of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk any place up to four languages and some instances a lot more in particular the folks who have traveled and lived in distinct parts of the nation. For example theses Filipinos can talk the language from the space they grew up in and lived in as a youngster they also can talk English and Tagalog and sometimes one more language that is native to in which they reside as an adult or learnt as a youngster. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a one Filipino can talk.

The folks conventional living

50 percent of the Philippine inhabitants reside in the nation in close proximity to mountains forest on modest islands or on the plains there are several forms of conventional residences Bahay kubo is a conventional rural property some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are built from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and weary down to timber or bamboo to sort the roof. Other folks in the nation side reside in picket property and other affordable timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The a lot more wealthy nation Filipino reside in a much larger extravagant modern day property and homes are built from cement bricks and cement.On a ton of Little Island and nation places the property has a single principal space with a handful of pieces of furniture and mats on the floor in which the loved ones sleeps.The kitchen area is typically in one more space with a wooden burning stove and sometimes a modest gasoline stove depending on how isolated the loved ones is from the closest city. In the much larger nation cities several of the native homes have electrical power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are unusual in modest villages though now a lot more and a lot more Little Islands and villages are getting electrical power but there is continue to a ton of villages that do not. The Philippine folks that reside in an space that does not have electrical power or indoor plumbing get h2o from a local community well and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The initially folks who migrated to the Philippine islands applied barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the best suggests of transportation of excellent and goods from island to one more folks also rely on these ships as ferries simply because the value of a aircraft ticket are incredibly high-priced for the low money families. Banca a narrow picket boat with an out boat motor attached to the back again. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from equally sides of the boats that functionality like platoons stopping the boat from tipping over or capsizing. Early Filipinos applied these modest boats to trade and get provides from neighboring islands.The much larger banca boats are mainly applied as folks ferries and substantial professional fishing boats.The smaller sized banca boats are applied for smaller sized journeys in calmer h2o. A conventional sort of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this sort of transportation are continue to popular in some nation cities and provinces in particular on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the street evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a modest bus built from jeeps left guiding by the US military. The jeeps in which remodeled in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colors and designs and embellished with mirrors multi-colored lights and religious icons. The jeepney smaller sized brother the stainless steel jeep was built and generated for functional good reasons fisherman complained that seawater and the ecosystem was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and generated the initially jeep the jeep requires significantly less routine maintenance simply because it is hard and does not rust. The jeep is an excellent Philippine car simply because they are tailored to the distinctive Philippine local weather in particular from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather.

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